Depending on the work you do and how you spend your free time, you might feel like everyone in the world has already taken a CPR class. It’s especially common for people who work in the medical, recreation, and public service industries. For many of those folks, they may very well be on their 10th or even 20th CPR certification class.
However, there are still plenty of people who are considering a CPR class or are scheduled to take their very first one, and aren’t really sure what to expect. After all, how exactly do you train and prepare to save someone’s life?
At In-Pulse CPR, we teach AHA accredited CPR classes in three different states — Florida, Minnesota, and Pennsylvania — all year round, so we know what you’re getting into. In today’s blog, we will take a look at what to expect from your first CPR class. Read on to learn more, or if you are still looking for an organization to certify with, sign up for one of our CPR courses in your area today.
Public and Private CPR Classes
First off, your CPR class may look a little different depending on whether it is a public course — a scheduled date that anyone from any organization can attend — or a private class for a small group.
Public classes tend to take place in public venues and have more students and instructors. These tend to feel a bit more like a traditional classroom environment because of the size and setup.
Private CPR classes for small groups are usually held at the facility that organized the training, such as a school, workplace, or non-profit. These classes may have as few as five participants and a single instructor, or they can be significantly larger.
Either way, you’ll have plenty of access to ask questions, view demonstrations, and apply what you have learned.
CPR For All Ages
In a Heartsaver CPR class from In-Pulse CPR, you’ll learn the everything you need to know about CPR for adults — more of which will be listed below — but you will also receive instruction and training on how to modify your CPR techniques if you are performing resuscitation on a child, an infant, or an eldery person in a more fragile physical condition.
Assessing & Assisting
Another thing you can expect to learn at your CPR class is how to properly assess the situation and determine what kind of assistance you need to provide.
The first thing you’ll cover is scene safety – determining if an unconscious person, or yourself, is still in a clear and present threat of harm or death.
From here, you’ll learn how to effectively check for responsiveness and breathing, as well as receive training on how to understand and utilize the best practices for delegating emergency tasks like contacting emergency medical services.
From here, you’ll receive guided instruction and practice with a CPR doll for situations involving both airway blockage removal (helping someone who is choking) and CPR.
The next part of your 4-hour long CPR class will cover training, demonstrations, and practice with providing assistance for choking and assistance for breathing and circulation.
This training will include learning about how to provide breathing assistance and chest compressions when performing CPR as well as the various alterations that are made for special circumstances such as using CPR on a small child.
AED Walkthrough & Demonstration
Finally, you’ll be introduced to an AED — and Automated External Defibrillator. These incredible life saving devices are found in most public spaces and offer an effective and relatively simple way to restart or stabilize someone’s heart.
Even though it is in the name — automated — many people don’t realize that an AED does all of the hard work for you. However, it is still important to understand what they look like, where they are found, how they are activated, where pads are placed, and what to do after use.
Sign Up For Your Heartsaver CPR Class with In-Pulse CPR Today
All in all, CPR classes are informative, applicable, and even though we are working through a serious subject, quite a bit of fun. At In-Pulse CPR, our goal is to provide a CPR class that meets the standards of the AHA, qualifies for virtually any CPR certification needs, and helps you be prepared to save a life. Sign up for our Heartsaver CPR classes today, or if you are a healthcare worker, sign up for our BLS CPR classes.
First of all, if you are reading this post because you have already been certified in CPR once and are looking for recertification, let us thank you. Your decision to take the time to learn a lifesaving technique is a selfless and incredible thing to do, even if it is because of a work requirement.
Your CPR certification does expire and making sure that you don’t let it lapse before chatting CPR recertification taken care of is important. In today’s blog from the CPR recertification team at In-Pulse CPR, we will take a look at certification, recertification, and everything you need to know about getting it done on time.
To learn more, continue reading. If you know what you are doing and you are ready to get signed up for a recertification course, then check the schedules of our CPR classes near you in Minnesota, Florida, and Pennsylvania today.
What Does Certification Look Like?
To become CPR certified, you need to enroll and take a CPR class (we recommend courses backed by the American Heart Association) that lasts roughly four hours and covers the following kinds of topics through instruction, modeling, and guided practice.
Scene safety assessments
Activating emergency medical services
Assisting someone who is unresponsive
Assisting someone who is choking
Use of protective barriers
Compressions and breaths
And Automated External Defibrillator (AED) use
Once you have completed the coursework and test successfully, you can expect to receive a digital CPR certification card in your email that can be shared or printed with your employer or organization.
How Long Am I Certified For?
Various organization’s certification can last varying lengths of time, but for the American Heart Association courses that are taught by the team at In-Pulse CPR, your certification is compliant for a two-year period from the issue date on your digital certification card.
With that being said, the AHA is not the ultimate authority on the certification requirements at your place of employment. Some employers may require more frequent certifications or additional certifications to remain current with their standards. Always make sure you are keenly aware of the individual requirements mandated for your job.
How Do I Get CPR Recertified?
Recertification is just as easy and just as fun as getting certified was. All you need to do is register for a CPR certification course that meets your needs. Just like before, the course will take roughly four hours to complete and will cover all of the fundamentals of CPR along with any updates, changes, or modifications that have been made to the technique.
Here are a few other things to keep in mind when planning for your CPR recertification.
Plan Ahead – The last thing that you want to have happened is for your CPR certification to expire. This can cause you to miss time at work or put your employer at risk.
Ask About Other Certifications – There are other certifications like first aid, Advanced Critical Life Support (ACLS), and more that may be required by your employer. Do not assume that the Heartsaver or BLS certifications are the only courses you need.
Make The Most Of Your Recertification – With any luck, you haven’t had to put your CPR skills to the test since you were originally certified. As such, make sure to use this time to really pay attention, ask questions you didn’t think of the first time around, practice hard, and improve your ability to save a life.
Get CPR Recertification Near You From In-Pulse CPR
At In-Pulse CPR, we offer CPR recertification courses, first aid, AED training, and more so that you, your team, and your company can have the tools and training that you need to help save someone from a cardiac arrest or choking situation using the program developed by the American Heart Association. Sign up for recertification with us today at a location near you (we have over 60 class sites) in Florida, Minnesota, and Pennsylvania.
Not every profession requires that you become CPR certified. As a matter of fact, the vast majority of professions have no requirements for these certifications or incentivize their employees to obtain them. However, here at In-Pulse CPR, we work with people to provide AHA-backed CPR certifications, and we hear deeply moving, powerful, and personal stories all the time about CPR making the difference in an emergency situation.
When you are certified to give CPR while waiting for emergency responders to arrive, you are buying invaluable time for someone — time that may save their brain by keeping oxygen moving to it, and time that may even allow their life to be saved. That’s not a small thing.
In today’s blog from the CPR training experts at In-Pulse CPR, we will make our recommendations for other groups of people who benefit greatly from knowing CPR. If you or a team of your co-workers are interested in learning more about scheduling a private CPR training course for a group of 5 more, get in touch with us today. Otherwise, we encourage you to get your CPR certification at any of our publicly available sessions in Minnesota, Florida, or Pennsylvania.
As a teacher, you care about your students and their well-being. If you didn’t, then chances are good you would have chosen a different profession. Working with kids of any age presents unique challenges, but there are some that are more serious than others.
In your classroom, you are the leader, the instructor, and the protector of your students. From lockdowns to choking situations, teachers are socially expected to protect the children they work with everyday, whether they have a lot of training or not.
From a choking student to an unconscious one in a class or on the playground, CPR certification will help you understand how to assess and assist in a way that gives a student the best chance of being okay.
In their own way, clergy people are much like teachers. They care deeply about others, are willing to make sacrifices for what they believe in, and have followed a call to a higher sense of responsibility. Beyond this, clergy provide compassionate spiritual care for the eldery, the sick, and many others.
We always encourage clergy to consider another way of saving lives that they can easily, quickly, and conveniently add into their creed of care. So if you find yourself in a situation where someone you are with has a heart attack or other emergency, you are better prepared to truly act as a guardian angel in their life.
Event Staff & Security
As a general rule, the more people you are around, the more likely you are to run into an emergency situation. Not only because there are more people that something can happen to, but also because crowds simply seem to promote a higher risk of stress, injury, and accidents.
Understanding that, your assignment as a member of an event staff or event security team might be taking tickets or checking event passes as a loading dock, but your job is to ensure the safety and well-being of every possible person at the event.
While there are most likely EMTs or paramedics on-site, being prepared to be the first responder to an emergency situation might be the difference between someone being okay and them not. CPR certification and first aid training prepares you to step up and help when someone is in trouble.
Being a parent can be scary, and not just the first time around. Although you learn quickly that your children are not as fragile as you fear they are, choking hazards are a very real threat, and CPR training can prepare you to do what is necessary to save the life of your infant or toddler.
We recommend that all new parents make a CPR certification date night to get away for an evening, do something together, and take a step towards protecting their child from a sadly common tragedy.
Just About Everyone, Really
The truth is that emergencies can happen to anyone, anywhere. That’s why everyone should consider CPR certification training courses. If you find yourself as the person who could help, wouldn’t you want to be able to?
Sign Up To Get CPR Certified With In-Pulse CPR Today
If you’re ready to get your CPR certification with In-Pulse CPR, sign up for one of our courses in Florida, Minnesota, or Pennsylvania today.
Whether you are a current or aspiring medical professional or healthcare worker or someone who is simply looking to round out their personal skillset and knowledge with a CPR training course, knowing what course options are available to you and what the differences between them are is crucial.
In today’s post from In-Pulse CPR — a CPR training and first aid training company serving Pennsylvania, Florida, and Minnesota — we will look at a specific focus on the BLS (Basic Life Support) CPR training course we offer with regards to how it differs from the Heartsaver CPR training course we offer.
By understanding the difference between these options, you can ensure that you get registered for the right CPR training and are able to meet your employer’s credentialing requirements.
Read on to learn more, or to sign up for one of our American Heart Association-accredited CPR training classes, check out our calendar of current classes in you are using one of the state links above.
CPR Training For Healthcare Professionals
First things first — it is important to note that while BLS CPR training is specified for many certification requirements in the healthcare field, there are no prerequisites for these CPR courses, and anyone can take them.
Basic Life Support (BLS) CPR training covers virtually all of the same topics, training, and techniques that are taught in a Heartsaver CPR class, but it goes a bit deeper given that medical professionals are typically expected to deploy what they have learned on a somewhat regular basis.
Some of the occupations that are likely to require a BLS CPR training certification include: nurses, doctors, dentists, EMTs, rescue workers, respiratory therapists, and anyone who is studying or in a program to move into one of these roles.
AHA Certified CPR Training
All of the BLS CPR trainings that are organized and offered by In-Pulse CPR meet the standards and guidelines set forth by the American Heart Association — the primary authority on CPR, heart health, and all things cardiological related.
A BLS CPR training program will prepare you to assess a situation, check for responsiveness, breathing, and airway blockages, and will teach you the techniques and skills needed to perform CPR solo or in a team setting.
You’ll learn CPR techniques that are deployable for adults, children, and infants, as well as learn all about the warning signs of heart attack, choking and other respiratory and cardiac conditions. Finally, you’ll be introduced to and trained in how to successfully use an AED — an Automated External Defibrillator.
One thing to keep in mind is that your employer may require additional certifications and training that may or may not be covered by our classes. Before signing up, make sure to inquire with your employer about if they are offering a private class that might include additional training such as first aid training, Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS), or Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS).
Who Else Can Take BLS CPR Training With In-Pulse CPR?
BLS CPR trainings are specifically designed to promote the early warning identification and teamwork skills needed by people working in an organized, cooperative, lifesaving environment. However, that same teamwork approach, warning sign identification, and other detailed training of a BLS CPR class also makes them great for: clergy, teachers, daycare providers, fitness and exercise instructors, and recreation activity leaders of all kinds.
For others who want a CPR training course that provides everything you need without the extra emphasis on two-person CPR, a Heartsaver CPR class may be just what you need. You can learn more about them on our CPR certification page.
Sign Up For Your Basic Life Support CPR Training Today
If your two-year BLS certification is getting close to expiration or you need to attain certification by a specific date, make sure to get signed up for your BLS CPR training class today. Spots can fill quickly, and although there are regular CPR trainings each month — or more often — you don’t want to risk ending up out of compliance for your job. Sign up with us today to certify or recertify with CPR training endorsed by the AHA. Find a class near you in Minnesota, Pennsylvania, or Florida today.
While we recognize that it would be far easier to enumerate the short list of reasons why you shouldn’t get CPR certification, we thought that it would be sending the wrong message. So instead, we’re covering what we think are 5 of the best — and there are many to choose from — reasons to consider getting your CPR certification.
At In-Pulse CPR, we provide CPR certifications of varying levels as well as first aid training, AED training, and online sales of emergency response devices and equipment. To learn more about the best reasons to look at getting CPR certified, continue reading.
While this one seems kind of like a no-brainer, there are hundreds of people who work in the healthcare industry each year who allow their CPR certification to lapse. While some of these folks may only have a lapse of a few days because training schedules didn’t line up quite perfectly, others are ending up with unpaid leave. In some cases, these expired CPR certifications can cause tremendous liability issues for individuals and businesses if an individual with a lapsed certification continues to remain in their role.
To make sure that you are staying up to date on the most recent techniques and best practices, as well as the ensure that you are remaining credentialed and protecting yourself, your employer, and the people who you are there to help, mark your expiration date on the calendar and make sure to have another training course scheduled by the 90-day mark.
Be Confident When An Emergency Happens
CPR certification is applicable to a lot more situations than just those that involve a heart attack, someone choking, or another breathing or heart health emergency.
When you go through a CPR certification course, you receive training in determining how to evaluate the safety of a scene, what kinds of things to prioritize — such as delegating tasks and contacting emergency medical services — and provide you with the confidence that you need to face an emergency situation when it happens. Most people panic and freeze, not because they don’t care or aren’t compassionate, but rather because they simply have no frame of reference for where to begin and how to get started.
Save Someone You Love
Speaking of an emergency situation, what if that person who finds themself in an emergency is someone you care deeply about — a partner, a family member, a friend? One of the most tragic situations that anyone can ever face is the death or injury of a loved one in their presence and the burning, consuming question, “Is there something more I could have done?”
In most cases, the tough truth is, yes, you could have done more. However, you can only be expected to step up and perform if you have the confidence, the training, and the resources you need in the moment that you need them.
CPR certification empowers you to protect the wellbeing, and possibly even the life, of your loved ones in all kinds of emergency situations, including choking, unconsciousness, heart attacks, and more.
Learn Something New
Sure, learning CPR grants you a lot of important skills and knowledge that can save a life under certain circumstances. However, for lots of people, the value placed on gaining new knowledge is enough to entice them to sign up for a CPR class and get their certifications.
CPR certification is a great way to justify exploring your curiosity, learning something new, and feeling confident that the time you invested into learning is time well spent — time that might make all the difference for someone in your life down the road.
Make A Difference
Assuming that you are the person who finds themself in an emergency medical situation where a working knowledge of CPR and the confidence to get started assisting someone, you immediately become a difference maker, whether you like it or not. If you have the tools to assess and assist while help is on the way, you might just be giving that person the greatest gift they have received — a second chance at life.
Get CPR Certified With In-Pulse CPR Today
Have we convinced you yet? If not, we encourage you to keep exploring your curiosity about CPR with the knowledge that you can have fun while training up, prepare yourself to protect your loved ones, and become a difference maker for the better in a knife’s edge situation where a life may be on the line. When you’re ready, sign up for one of our CPR certification courses at a location near you in Florida, Minnesota, or Pennsylvania.
CPR courses are organized and taught to help provide medical professionals, first responders, caregivers, and everyday people the training and tools to help resuscitate an unresponsive person. But how did the medical science behind resuscitating people develop over time to become a well-researched and highly effective method of saving lives that just about anybody can learn to do?
In today’s blog from In-Pulse CPR, we will take a look at that extraordinary story, highlighting some of the eye-brow raising and awe-inspiring moments and individuals along the way. Read on to learn more, or if you are interested in signing up for a CPR course near you, then check out our list of scheduled CPR courses in Florida, Pennsylvania, and Minnesota today.
Early Understandings About Resuscitation
For centuries, medical professionals struggled with discerning the best methods for resuscitating an incapacitated person. Oftentimes, an unresponsive person was found by someone else, and a doctor or nurse couldn’t even be sure what had happened. Were they knocked unconscious? Did they suffer from a heart attack or stroke?
Without knowledge of the cause of incapacitation, medical professionals were left with little more than guesses about how to revive someone. Over centuries worth of experimentation, burning people with a brand, whipping them with stinging nettle branches, and using strong-smelling powders and liquids were all tried with varying success.
Ultimately, however, the need to address resuscitating people who were known to have drowned became the springboard for the creation of modern CPR.
By the mid-1800s, various medical practitioners such as Marshal Hall and Henry Silvester had added in compression and body pressure techniques that became widely emulated. This combined with research being done on animals began to run people on to the idea that manufactured respiration and circulation were powerful tools for keeping people alive or resuscitating them from unconsciousness.
For the next 75 years or so, more and more research corroborated that respiration and circulation were fundamental to keeping someone alive. However, despite some evidence that non-surgical heart massage was effective, many doctors continued to practice open-chest heart massage techniques.
The Creation Of The AHA
In 1924, six cardiologists met in Chicago and created the American Heart Association, establishing the organization that would come to stand at the forefront of research, teaching, and information on cardiovascular care in the United States.
Today, this organization creates the standards and approves certifications for all of the credible CPR courses and training in the country.
The Creation Of CPR
The decade between 1951 and 1961 would see some huge advancements in the technology, understanding, and practice of life-saving resuscitation measures practiced in the United States. Here is a brief highlight of those events:
1950: The AHA keeps researchers, journalists, and doctors abreast of the latest in cardiological research when it begins to publish and distribute its scientific journal, Circulation.
1956: Dr. Elam and Dr. Peter Safar — two pioneers in respiration research — continue to work on spreading and training healthcare providers on the mouth-to-mouth resuscitation method.
1956: A study funded by the AHA demonstrates the viability of using external defibrillators to stabilize tremoring hearts.
1957: The U.S. armed forces adopt mouth-to-mouth resuscitation training into their first aid manuals.
1957: A team from Johns Hopkins develops the first portable external defibrillator. This grandfather of the modern AED weighed about 200 pounds.
1960: Dr. Safar works with two other doctors — Dr. William Kouwenhoven and Dr. James Jude — to add chest compressions to the mouth-to-mouth resuscitation currently being practiced and creating the first form of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR. The AHA quickly begins organizing structured training.
Developing CPR For The Right Situations
Since those doctors established the basis of contemporary CPR and the AHA began organizing CPR courses, CPR fundamentals have changed a bit, and specialized forms of CPR courses for pediatric, advanced life-support, and neonatal resuscitation have been developed, allowing for CPR to be used appropriately in a wide range of circumstances.
Sign Up For A CPR Course With In-Pulse CPR Today
Today, the AHA sponsors, organizes, or provides CPR courses for over 22 million people each year, and In-Pulse CPR is helping in that mission with CPR courses endorsed by the AHA in three different states: Florida, Pennsylvania, and Minnesota. Sign up for your CPR course today, and be ready to help save a life when an emergency strikes.
The new virus concerns make locking down community activity a priority to help contain it. But what about those essential services that need to continue to operate in midst of those concerns? When we think about ‘essential’ what comes to mind…
Fire fighters, police departments, grocery stores, nurses / doctors. Did you know that there is a shortage of medical personnel to help deal with this epidemic? Because of this shortage, hospitals are calling on prior staff (semi-retired, seasonal, contracted) to return to work. All of these retired healthcare workers reentering the workforce require a non-expired and valid CPR certification that companies like In-Pulse CPR provide.
CPR training companies, like In-Pulse CPR, are an essential service. We are one key to the puzzle to help make the system function. We continue to hold classes and take every precaution possible to ensure we are not contributing to the problem.
One of the new challenges our training company is now dealing with is finding classroom space when many public venues are closing their doors to the public. If you know of any classroom spaces we can use (for a reasonable fee) please let me know.
One video recently went viral that showed Poncho, a police dog, providing CPR. The devoted canine from Madrid Spain performs the procedure on his handler who has pretended to pass out. First, the frisky canine jumps on the handler’s chest, then listens carefully to his breath.
Even Dogs Know the Benefits of CPR
The valiant canine continues by repeating the CPR process. The video, which, indeed, received a great deal of feedback—1.7 million views in only three days—emphasizes the dynamics of CPR. Even dogs know that CPR is a life-saving procedure.
That is why everyone—young or old, regardless of his or her station in life—should learn all the basics of cardio pulmonary resuscitation. CPR is not designed only for medical professionals. Everyone should know what to do if another person is suffering a heart attack or a similar respiratory emergency.
According to statistics, about 80% of cases involving cardiac arrest occur at a public place or in the home. In many of these cases the bystander has no medical CPR experience. He or she may either be a relative, passer-by, or colleague. If any of these non-medical people could provide CPR to a victim, the chance of survival would substantially increase.
Why Learning CPR Can Make All the Difference
If a dog can learn the dynamics involved in the CPR process, a human can too. Once the heart stops beating or the circulation stops, a person loses consciousness in about 15 seconds. In the next 60 seconds, the brains cells begin to die and can be irreversibly damaged if a life-saving measure, such as CPR, is not applied.
Whether you know a cardiac patient who is a loved one or you are involved in a sport in Philadelphia, knowing CPR is a necessity. As noted, everyone should learn more about the life-saving procedure. To integrate yourself into a CPR educational program, you first need to define CPR. CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a process that is performed during an emergency situation. Because CPR is performed on a victim whose heart has stopped, the idea behind the procedure is to prolong lung functioning and circulation until emergency help arrives.
Just over 600,000 people in the U.S. die from heart disease annually. Half of the people die immediately, or away from a hospital because the heart stops beating and cannot be revived. As a result, the most frequent cause of death, when a heart attack occurs, is ventricular fibrillation. Ventricular fibrillation happens when the electrical rhythm of the heart falls out of sync.
Usually, this type of arrhythmia is treated by defibrillation. Defibrillation requires an electrical shock to the chest. If a defibrillator or an AED (automated external defibrillator) cannot be easily accessed, brain death can occur in under 10 minutes.
Needless to say, if a defibrillator or AED (automated external defibrillator) is not easily accessible, you need to buy some time. Because time is of the essence in this case, you can use CPR. CPR provides artificial breathing when you cannot treat a victim with an AED device. The earlier CPR is applied to anyone who is not breathing, the better the chance for resuscitation and survival.
Defibrillation – Part of the Survival Link
When defibrillation is performed, the victim receives an oxygenated flow of blood – part of a link in the chain of survival, used to treat victims of a sudden cardiac arrest or SCA. The first link in this “chain of survival” (coined by the American Heart Association) is recognizing an SCA and activating an emergency response by calling 911 or a community emergency response number.
The next link is to perform CPR or applying chest compressions and breaths or compressions only. After CPR is performed, the next link involves providing rapid defibrillation or using an AED. Professional emergency medical services (EMS) are the next link in the chain of survival and emphasize the use of advanced life support, including breathing and airway accommodation, medicines, and in some instances, hypothermia. Follow-up care s then provided for the survivor.
It typically takes first responders about eight to 12 minutes to respond to an emergency. For every minute that defibrillation is delayed, the chances for survival drop by about 10%. Because SCA is a leading cause of death in the U.S. as well as the world, it is important to learn both CPR and AED use.
Initiating Yourself to the Lifesaving Process
To initiate yourself to lifesaving though, you need to learn the basics of CPR first. By taking this step, you will find the transition to AED training progressive and logical. CPR is an extremely crucial component in the chain of survival, as it gets the whole emergency response process activated.
When a person is going through cardiac arrest, no blood flow or pulse are evident. In turn, the victim becomes unresponsive and stops regular breathing. If a person does not respond to touch or the voice of a responder, he or she is unresponsive. Call 911 before performing CPR or using an AED. If an AED is available, you should press the “on” button immediately. The AED will provide the directions for using the device.
If an AED is not readily available and you can perform CPR, you need to respond instantly. Today, the American Heart Association (AHA) has simplified the process by the teaching of hands-only CPR. This form of CPR does not require the use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Some people are averse to performing mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, as they are fearful about contracting a health ailment or infection.
How to Perform Hands-only CPR
The procedure for learning hands-only CPR is basic and simple. Therefore, people do not have any excuse not to learn it. You just need to follow the several key steps.
If you are a bystander who knows hands-only CPR and see someone collapse, you first will check for responsiveness. Call 911 or have someone call 911 and begin chest compressions if the person is unresponsive and is not breathing normally.
To perform CPR in this manner, place the heel of one hand of the center part of the victim’s chest and place the heel of the other hand over the first hand. Your shoulders should be positioned directly above the hands and the elbows should be locked in place.
Press down on the center of the chest, using enough force to cause the breastbone to sink to a depth of about two inches.
Compress the chest 30 times at a pace of around 100 to 120 times per minute, or just a bit more quickly than once each second. The chest should completely recoil between compressions.
Hands-only CPR or compression-only CPR can easily be performed by an untrained bystander at an emergency that is untrained. People who are trained to perform CPR, which includes breaths or mouth-to-mouth, should perform a cycle of 30 compression followed by two short and quick breaths.
While learning basic CPR covers lifesaving for adults, you can also receive training in providing CPR for infants. This approach is basically the same. You just need to remember the acronym CAB when performing any type of CPR. CAB is an acronym that stands for compressions, airways, and breathing – a helpful reminder when compressions and rescue breaths are used.
Learn CPR in Philadelphia
Philadelphians can make a large difference in their lives and the lives of others by committing themselves to learning CPR. You do not have to be a medical expert to take CPR training. All you need to do is devote a small portion of your time to learning the process. That small amount of time can mean life for someone else in an emergency. There are many classes near you offered by the American Heart Association in partnership with In-Pulse CPR. Take the initiative and sign up for a CPR class today.
A readily, easily accessible AED is
an invaluable life saving device. While the technology and functionality of an
AED makes it a complex piece of life saving gear under the hood, purchasing the
proper equipment for your emergency use is not as tricky as one might think. As
with any important purchase, knowledge is power. Knowing what to look for in an
AED is half the battle in ensuring that when disaster strikes you will be as
well prepared as possible.
Here are ten important pointers,
tips, and guidelines to consider before committing to purchasing an AED, in no
1: Sturdiness: Is your AED going to be roughly used and transported?
People like fire fighters, police officers, and first responders require
equipment that is able to withstand the abuse of travel and still reliably
function. However, an AED that remains indoors for infrequent emergency use
doesn’t need excessive padding or strength. Think about the application of your
2: Weight: Will your AED remain in storage? Hanging on a wall?
Frequently moved or carried? Will the people most likely using the device be
able to easily lift and move it?
3: Simplicity: Will your device be used by trained professionals or
will it be designated for public use? Keep in mind the kind of person who may
be using the AED and consider that they will be using it in a stressful
situation that they may not be at all accustomed to.
4: CPR/AED training: Remember that a life saving device is only as powerful
as one’s knowledge and ability to use it properly. Training and certification
is paramount to effective use!
5: Fully-automatic or semi-automatic
shock delivery: Some AED’s delivery a shock
immediately upon charge and others require the pressing of a button to trigger
them. It’s important to decide which method of shock delivery you are most
6: ECG readout: There are AEDs available with advanced ECG displays
and functionality. These are of most value to emergency responders and health
professionals whereas a public use machine may not require these additional
7: Weatherproofing: What will the environment where the AED remains be
like? Dry and dusty? Humid and damp? Consider the conditions the unit will
spend its time in and look into a model that is able to resist adverse climate
8: Price: Not all AEDs are created equal and, like with most
products, a cheaper unit will most likely not carry the same reliable
functionality of a more expensive one. However, the most expensive device may
not be the one best suited to your specific needs. Keep all other factors in
mind while shopping.
9: Reviews: Check user and industry reviews for any AEDs you are
interested in. See how they stack up to each other and try to find reviews that
target the intended application of your unit (ie: public use, outdoor storage,
10: Visual and voice prompts: While all AEDs are equipped with audio prompts, some
also feature visual displays. This may be crucial if your unit is going to be
used in loud, busy environments or could possibly be used by someone with
the CDC, about 1 in every 4 deaths in the United States is the result of heart
disease. This statistic is sobering, and it likely makes you wonder what you
can do to reduce your risk. Although there are some heart disease factors that
are out of your control, such as your age, family history, and genetics, that
doesn’t mean that heart disease only strikes randomly. Instead, the following
behaviors have proven to increase your risk of heart disease.
understand the problems that smoking can cause in their respiratory systems,
but tobacco use doesn’t just hurt your lungs. When nicotine enters the body, it
raises your blood pressure. Over time, smoking also causes damage to your heart
and your blood vessels, which leads to heart disease. Sadly, these damages are
not limited to only smokers. Regular exposure to secondhand smoke also
increases your risk of developing heart disease.
Excessive Alcohol Consumption
have to say goodbye to your favorite drinks completely, but you should be
careful regarding your alcohol consumption to protect your heart. Excessive
alcohol consumption puts you at risk for heart disease by increasing your
triglyceride level, raising your blood pressure, and causing irregular
heartbeats. The American Heart Association recommends no more than one
alcoholic beverage per day for women and no more than two alcoholic beverages
per day for men.
is one of the most important muscles in your body. Like any muscle, it needs to
be worked out regularly to remain strong. You can lower your risk for heart
disease by participating in moderate to vigorous exercise on a regular basis instead
of maintaining a lifestyle that is mostly sedentary. The good news is that
there is not just one type of exercise that provides this benefit. Whether you
enjoy swimming, jogging, biking, or another form of physical activity, you are
helping your heart while you are working out.
Poor Diet and Nutrition
probably heard the old saying that “You are what you eat.” When it comes to
heart disease, your diet is one of the best tools that you have in your
arsenal. Whole, nutrient-rich foods, such as vegetables, fruits, and whole
grains, fuel your body without clogging your arteries. It’s fine to treat
yourself to a juicy steak or a rich dessert every once in a while, but a
balanced diet and limited calorie consumption helps your body and your heart
Not Maintaining a Healthy Weight
haven’t yet made healthy choices regarding your exercise and nutrition, you
might find that the number on the scale isn’t one that you enjoy seeing.
Obesity is a major risk factor for heart disease. Even if you have no other
risk factors for this condition, your risk is greatly increased if you have a
high level of fat in your body, and especially belly fat around your waist. Fortunately,
this is something that can often be controlled through a balanced diet and
increased physical activity. Even losing just 3 to 5 percent of your body
weight can help reduce your risk of heart disease!
In-Pulse CPR, we are confident that knowledge and training are two important
tools we can all use to reduce the risk of heart disease. In addition, you can
be ready to assist someone experiencing a cardiac episode by completing one of
our high-quality training programs with American Heart Association certified
We all know
that cardiac issues can be dangerous and even life-threatening. However, it can
be difficult to understand all of the terminology surrounding cardiac episodes.
To make matters more confusing, some terms, such as “heart attack” and “cardiac
arrest,” are often used interchangeably, even though they actually refer to
different issues. You don’t need to become a master of all cardiac terminology,
but it is helpful to understand the difference between these two terms so that
you can have and share accurate information.
What is a heart attack?
Even if you
have friends or loved ones who have experienced a heart attack, many of us
still aren’t sure what that term actually means. To put it simply, a person
experiences a heart attack when adequate blood flow is not getting to the
heart. A heart attack is a circulation problem caused by a blocked artery. When
an artery is blocked, oxygen and blood can no longer reach the heart. If the
problem is not corrected in a timely manner, the heart cannot return to proper
heart attack, the heart does not normally stop beating. However, damage is
occurring, and the damage is proportionate to the amount of time that passes
before the patient receives treatment.
person is different, the symptoms of a heart attack can also vary greatly. In
most cases, the patient starts experiencing symptoms days or even weeks before
a heart attack occurs. However, symptoms can sometimes appear quickly with
symptoms of a heart attack include:
in the chest
or jaw pain (especially in women)
What is cardiac arrest?
heart attack is the result of a heart circulation problem, cardiac arrest
results from an electrical problem. Cardiac arrest is a life-threatening issue
that is caused by an electrical malfunction in the heart muscle. Since the
heart’s pumping action is disrupted by the irregular heartbeat, the heart stops
pumping blood to the rest of the body, including the brain and lungs. Therefore,
the person stops breathing and is unresponsive. Cardiac arrest can be caused by
a heart attack. However, most heart attacks do not result in cardiac arrest.
treatment is vital to helping a patient survive cardiac arrest. The patient
only has minutes for the cardiac arrest to be reversed through treatment. In
most cases, cardiac arrest occurs suddenly with little to no warning. Usually,
the first noticeable symptom is the fainting that results when the arrest
occurs. However, some patients report experiencing these symptoms before
What should I do if I suspect a heart
attack or cardiac arrest?
you do not have to distinguish between cardiac arrest or a heart attack to provide
assistance. Calling 911 should always be your first move when you notice these
Starting intervention before professional help arrives can often be the difference between an emergency and a tragedy. At In-Pulse CPR, we are committed to giving you the training you need to feel confident in administering CPR or utilizing an AED should the need arise. View available classes at www.inpulsecpr.com.
We often hear the word CPR used in casual conversation in
child care centers or in hospitals. CPR is short for cardiopulmonary
resuscitation. This lifesaving measure is performed when a child or adult has
stopped breathing or the heart stops beating. This may happen after certain
incidents, such as an injury, choking, suffocation, heart attack, or drowning.
Rescuing an Infant
This rescue effort, when performed on children who are
infants, is critical when a baby is having trouble with respiration. In this case,
CPR is normally directed to resolve a breathing problem rather than a heart
condition. Usually, in these cases, CPR is administered if an infant is
choking. CPR should begin immediately.
Following the Format
If someone else is available at the scene, he or she should
be directed to call 911 and locate an AED, or automated external defibrillator.
Five sets of CPR should be performed before getting additional help. One set
consists of 30 compressions followed by two breaths.
If a second rescuer returns with the AED, he or she should
follow the prompts on the defibrillator and apply the pads. If you find that the
infant is not breathing, is unresponsive or gasping for air, CPR should always be
What Infant CPR Covers
Infant CPR covers medical emergency aid for children 0 to 12
months old. This form of CPR is almost identical to the CPR given to older
Therefore, CPR is a combination of chest compressions and
rescue breaths, known as mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. CPR is designed to restore
oxygen-rich blood to the brain. When oxygen is not present, brain damage or
death can occur in under eight minutes.
When Infant CPR is Typically Needed
Besides choking incidents, infant CPR is used for infants in
near-drowning incidents or for victims who have succumbed to smoke inhalation
or poisoning. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) can also be prevented through
the use of CPR.
Why You Should Enroll in a Course
While you can read about this rescue measure as a parent,
you should learn the details of performing CPR by enrolling in a course. While
CPR should begin immediately, you still need to determine if it should be
performed. This is done by checking the person’s breathing or degree of
You owe it to your child to learn CPR, as it only takes
eight minutes for anyone with breathing difficulties to lose consciousness or
die. What you do to protect your child is just as important as what you don’t
do. Therefore, taking a CPR course is a wise course of action.
Why Not Host a CPR Party?
In fact, if you know other parents in your neighborhood with infants, why not ask them to attend a CPR party. Schedule an instructor to show you how to give infant CPR. You can even ask your babysitter to participate. This is a great way to emphasize the importance of life support and infant care. Keep in mind, many instructors (for safety reasons) won’t come to your house, so plan on finding a community space to use like your church or a meeting room at your local library. Often you can use this space without cost.
Reviewing the Steps
When giving CPR to an infant, the following should be
1. Clear the area to ensure the infant’s safety.
2. Shout and tap to make sure the infant is not responding.
3. Yell for help. If another person is present, have him or
her call 911 and locate an AED.
4. Check the infant’s breathing.
5. Five sets of 30 compressions followed by two breaths
should be given to unresponsive infants who have stopped breathing, and are
gasping for air.
6. Call 911 if it has not already been done.
7. Resume manual CPR.
Applying Chest Compressions
When compressions are given, you need to push in the same
manner as you would do when giving CPR to a child or adult. Position the infant
on a hard and firm surface. This makes the process simpler. When giving
compressions, do the following:
1. After positioning
the infant on a firm, level, and hard surface, move any clothes away from the
2. Place two fingers of one hand on the breastbone, just under
the line of the nipple.
3. Push down about 1.5 inches or 4 centimeters, at about 100
beats per minute.
4. Permit the chest to recoil before resuming the
Because performing compressions can be tiring, it is helpful
to switch with another person every couple minutes to ensure continued care.
Opening Up the Airway and Giving
Because most CPR cases involve respiratory problems, it
helps to provide breaths. Giving breaths and administering compressions to the
chest are both important. A good breath will raise the chest.
Opening Up the Airway
To open up an infant’s airways, you need to do the
1. Place one hand on the victim’s forehead,
2. Place a finger on the chin’s bony section.
3. Gently tilt back the head and lift the chin.
Important Note: Never tilt the head too far back as doing so
will block the airway. Also, press the bony part of the infant’s chin instead
of the soft part, as doing so can also block airflow.
Once the airway is opened, you can give breaths.
1. Take a deep breath and seal your mouth over the baby’s
nose and mouth.
2. Blow for a quick second, watching the chest rise. Only a
very small volume of air will inflate a baby’s lungs. Don’t blow too hard, as
this can damage the lungs. Only a small exhalation of air is required of an
3. Repeat, giving a second breath.
If the chest does not rise after giving the first breath,
you will need to re-open the airway, tilting the head while lifting the chin.
Try to get a breath while looking for the chest to rise. Do not postpone
compressions more than ten seconds when you are giving breaths.
Using a Mask
While giving breaths is usually safe, a mask, if available,
should be used. A mask is designed to fit over the victims’ nose and mouth. Just
make sure the mask fits properly. Otherwise, a reliable seal cannot be obtained
and any effort at giving breaths will prove to be ineffective.
How to Use the Mask
When using a mask to give breaths, follow the steps below:
1. Place the mask over the baby’s nose and mouth,
2. Open the airway, gently tilting back the head and lifting
3. Make sure the seal is secure between the face and mask.
4. Give a breath quickly and watch for the chest rise.
When Choking Occurs
Choking happens when a foreign object or piece of food
lodges in the throat, blocking the airway. Quickly perform back slapping and
chest thrusts. Choking may be mild or severe.
A Mild Obstruction
If the obstruction is mild, the infant may be breathing but
could be wheezing. He or she may also cough or produce a similar noise. In this
instance, stay with the baby and attempt to calm him or her.
A Severe Obstruction
If the obstruction is severe, the infant will appear weak
and will not cough. He or she normally will not be able to talk and may,
instead, produce a high-pitched sound. The baby may also appear cyanotic, or
show a blue color around the fingertips or around the lips. In this instance,
time is of the essence. Act fast and follow the CPR steps.
To relive choking, do the following:
1. Hold the baby on your lap, face down, with the head lower
than the victim’s chest. The baby should be resting against your forearm, which
is placed upon your thigh.
2. Support the baby’s neck and head with your hand, making
sure to not place throat pressure.
3. Provide five back slaps between the baby’s shoulder
blades, using the heel of your hand.
4. Use both arms and hands and turn the infant toward you so
he or she rests on your other arm, which is now placed on your thigh.
5. Use two fingers in the same way you do for administer CPR
and provide quick-timed chest thrusts.
6. If the obstruction is still there, turn the baby face
down on your forearm, repeating the steps.
7. Continue with this measure until the baby starts to
breathe or lacks a response.
Remove the Object If you Can Do So
If you see a piece of food or foreign object in the child’s
mouth, remove it if it can be done. Don’t sweep the victim’s mouth with your
finger, as you may push the object toward the air passage. After removing the
object, wait and check for breathing.
If an infant does not respond, position him or her on a flat
and firm surface, yelling for assistance. At this point, check for breaths
before beginning CPR. After 30 compressions, open up the air passage, seeking
the foreign object. If you see the object, remove it and try to respirate with
Infants do not respond when they stop squirming in your arms
and take on a limp appearance. Chest compressions and giving breaths must the
practiced if the infant stops moving in the interim.
In Conclusion –
As you can see, the above steps can become involved and
therefore are important to know. Don’t overlook the importance of learning a
life-saving procedure. Doing so will make it possible for you to mange any
emergency with more confidence. Learning CPR takes a minimal amount of time, especially
when you consider that it can save a life.
We all know that children are the future of our country and our world. Too often, we hear about the negative things that young people are doing, but a group of students in NJ are leading the way when it comes to prioritizing CPR training.
Christian Ventura founded the High School Association of Medical Engineers and Scientists, or HAMES, a student-based non-profit organization that supports youth in their pursuit of careers in health, medicine, and other science fields. Recently, the group unveiled the Student Samaritan Initiative, which is designed to bridge the disconnect between New Jersey state requirements and the implementation of those requirements.
The current New Jersey educational requirements already include a provision that high school students must be instructed in how to properly utilize cardiopulmonary resuscitation and an automatic external defibrillator for live-saving purposes. Unfortunately, whether or not this training is actually taking place is not being tracked.
However, HAMES has come up with a solution. The students are petitioning Legislative District 11 to develop legislation that requires students to present proof of CPR, AED, and First Aid training when they apply for a motor vehicle license. This written proof must be presented to the Motor Vehicle Commission before the road test takes place.
Although HAMES is a part of the public school system, the proposed changes would affect all high school students, whether they attend public, private or home schools. In order to take the road test, students would provide a signed approval document from either their school or an authorized CPR training provider that states the student has successfully completed the course.
In order to help students comply with this potential new requirement, HAMES plans to donate CPR classes to schools throughout every county in New Jersey. In addition to contacting the legislature, the group has also started an online petition to gain support for their plan.
In the United States, more than 70 percent of all cardiac emergencies occur in a person’s home. When more people are trained on how to effectively administer CPR, they can use these skills to assist their parents, grandparents, friends, and even strangers. High school students who are trained in CPR have the benefit of being ready to use these skills throughout their lives.
Here at In-Pulse CPR, we are passionate about the benefits that high quality CPR training can offer our schools, organizations and communities. Please contact us to learn more about how you can bring effective training to your group.
In-Pulse CPR is now offering public CPR certification classes in South Tampa. This new location is only 3 miles from the Air Force Base of MacDill.
Over the past several years we have seen an increase of students from the base at many of our other Tampa classes. By offering a site near the military compound we are looking at increasing our class attractiveness to those who work there.
In-Pulse CPR offers classes at over a dozen sites around the Tampa Bay area. We train upwards of 1200 students every month on CPR. We offer BLS Classes with a 2-yr certification through the American Heart Association. We also offer Heartsaver First Aid and AED classes.
Terms: Navy Operational Support Center Tampa, 6th Air Mobility Wing, 6th MDG, BLS Healthcare CPR, military cpr, wingman cpr
Around 275,000 people, per year, experience OHCA (out-of-hospital cardiac arrest) incidents. This finding was reported by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) in the U.S. National Institutes of Health’s National Library of Medicine archives. This number pertains to people living in Europe.
U.S. Statistics for OHCAs
It has also been found that a large number of people experience sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in the U.S. or OHCAs. The number in the U.S. is even greater – about 365,000 per year. Of this number, around 90% end in death. This finding was recently published in the 2018 report, Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics, published by the American Heart Association (AHA).
Passive Leg Raising
The Use of Passive Leg Raising (PLR). According to the NCBI report, the use of a passive leg raising (PLR) during cardiopulmonary resuscitation may assist in increasing the survival rates of OHCA victims. PLR during CPR has been shown to enhance cardiac preload and circulation when chest compressions are performed.
An Easy and Fast Technique
Like performing chest compressions, PLR is an easy and fast technique. Scientists have noted that the greatest benefit was experienced when PLR was performed during the early part of CPR, or prior to the first defibrillation.
Why PLR Works
A study designed to tests the use of PLR hypothetically concluded that elevation of the lower extremities during an OHCA CPR increases patient survival to one month by increasing cardiac preload and circulation to the bran and heart when chest compressions are performed.
Higher Neurological Scores
PLR may be of significant use when hands-only CPR is performed, or CPR that does not include the breaths associated with traditional CPR. One study also confirmed that using PLR during resuscitaiton resulted in higher neurological scores.
Increasing Survival CPR Rates
Cardiac arrest, itself, is a leading cause of death in both the U.S. and Europe. Therefore, any introduction of new techniques to increase survival rates is significant. Just as the name implies, a passive leg raise is a mechanical type maneuver the entails elevating the lower limbs from a horizontal position during resuscitation.
What Happens during PLR or Passive Leg Raising
During PLR, gravity causes the rechanneling of venous blood from the body’s lower extremities, which, in turn, triggers an increase in the left ventricular end-diastolic volume, carotid blood flow, right ventricular preload, and system venous return.
An Increase in Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Elimination
Based on these findings, researchers concluded that using PLR during CPR can improve survival rates. This information is important to nurses who are keeping up on the latest methods when applying CPR. Passive leg raising is useful when someone has fainted and has been shown to enhance carbon dioxide elimination when introduced in CPR.
Reviewing Past Reports
In fact, the first formal guidelines for CPR, introduced in 1974, included a statement that emphasized that at the “elevation of the lower extremities may . . . augment artificial circulation during . . . cardiac compression.” This statement was deleted from American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines in 1992. It is not included in the most recent guides either.
Measuring Chest Compressions
Clinical and preclinical studies support the American Heart Association’s recommendation that chest compressions should be at least 5 centimeters or 2 inches deep. When the chest is compressed too deep or at too fast of rate, the results can be adversely impacted.
The Importance of Maintaining Chest Compressions
Also, it is important to take note – interruptions during CPR, or chest compressions, can be harmful. Without compressing the chest, the blood flow can be negatively affected. In some instances, emergency or rescue personnel may stop chest compressions (in some cases, over a minute) to feel for a pulse, auscultate the chest, intubate or assess the underlying rhythm. Rescuers may forget, when hurried, to continue performing CPR.
One recent evaluation of CPR showed that these kinds of mistakes were indeed frequent and harmful. Nearly 50% of the time, compressions were inadequate, or performed at incorrect depths – all which did not fall in line with American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines.
For instance, about 1/3 of the subjects received compressions at rate that surpassed 120 compressions per minute. When the compression rates were higher—or over the recommended 100 compressions per minutes—the results were poorer.
Maintaining the Proper Compression Rate – Why It Is Important
If the compression rate is too fast, the diastolic filling times may be insufficient and full recoil and compression depth may not be realized. A slight vacuum is created within the thorax during a passive chest recoil, which draws some of the blood back inside the heart and air into the lungs. Blood is then drawn from the extrathoracic to intrathoracic areas, where the heart is partially refilled until the completion of next compression.
Moreover, if a rescuer leans on the chest and prevents it from recoiling fully after a compression, the intrathoracic pressure will surpass the atmospheric pressure. When this happens, it reduces the refilling process in the heart and lowers the ICP (intracranial pressure). A full chest recoil maintains the ICP. To support this information, research with animals has demonstrated that leaning on the chest during resuscitation reduces the perfusion pressures to the myocardium and brain.
Errors Affect Survival Rates
In addition, compressing and decompressing at too fast of rate (over 120 compressions per minute) decreases the venous return time to less than what is needed for refilling the heart. Therefore, these kinds of errors can negatively affect survival rates. As a result, not only is imperative that nurses take CPR classes to learn the correct ways to perform hands-only and traditional CPR, it is essential that other advances be noted in resuscitation methods as well.
Elevating the Head during CPR
For instance, not only is passive leg raising an important consideration, so is learning about the position of the head during the lifesaving measure. For example, by convention, cardiopulmonary resuscitation has been performed for at least 50 years with the patient lying in a supine position. The entire body is positioned on the same plane, or horizontal on the floor.
Enhancing the Blood Flow
Recent research suggests that elevating the head during CPR has a marked beneficial effect on ICP (intracranial pressure) and brain circulation when compared to horizontal placement. When the body is supine and lies horizontal, each compression is related with the generation of waves resulting from arterial and venous pressure.
If the patient’s head is elevated, the gravity drains the venous blood from the brain and sends it back to the heart. This results in increased refilling of the heart after compressions and a reduced compression phase ICP. As a result, studies show that elevating the head during CPR may offer more protection to the brain and increased perfusion or blood flow.
Supplementing Your Lifesaving Skills
Nurses can also get involved in learning methods to enhance post-resuscitation care. However, unless high-quality CPR is performed, these measures cannot be implemented with optimum effect. That is important to remember if you, as a nurse or other healthcare worker, want to supplement your lifesaving skills.